The Team @ Lahari. It is distributed all over the country and more than 90% lies in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu covering 8300 sq kms. Due to certain changes in Government policies the cultivation of Sandalwood is gaining momentum. The oil has a woody, exotic smell, subtle and lingering and the colour is pale yellow to pale gold. #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear:left; font:14px Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif; } It is highly valuable and becoming endangered species. Once a sandalwood tree is eight years old, the heartwood of the tree starts to form and is ready to be harvested after 12 to 15 years from planting. Although India has been known for its sandalwood production for decades, it was largely confined to the forests of South Indian states and the plantations of these state governments. Where the tree is tall, a ladder should be used to reach the fruits. On the one hand, multiple stems may produce less heartwood oil than a single stem; however, the reduced pruning may reduce fungal attack. Sandalwood trees have been cultivated since antiquity for their yellowish heartwood, which plays a major role in many Oriental funeral ceremonies and religious rites. Does the concept of investing in nature excite you? The highest quality sandalwood variety can fetch a price of up to Rs 10,000 per kg. As per the proposed amendment to the Karnataka Tree Act 1927, the forest department allows individuals to freely grow and own sandalwood trees. The price of Sandalwood in India is everyday increasing price Rs. This is the only condition left. – Indian sandalwood consists of up to 6% oil and around 90% if α and β santalols (which is claimed to be the highest). Harvest and Post-Harvest in Sandalwood Cultivation:- Usually sandalwood trees will be ready for harvesting after 30 years of planting. Due to restrictions in growing sandalwood in many states in India, the demand for sandalwood is very high. Methods of branch pruning – branch size, optimum length of stump, sealing of pruning, chemical spraying after pruning the plantation. 20,000 per tonne in 1980, Rs. High risk periods of high spore count in the air and what weather events cause a greater presence of spores. (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), (Troup, 1921) Sandal grows better in slight alkaline condition soil PH Range between 6.7. Chinnegowda planted about 3,000 sandalwood trees, a highly-endemic species, in about 100 acres of land in 2005-06. But, you have to sell it to the forest department of India or you have to inform forest department before cutting it. The young sandalwood plants need to be provided with irrigation once in 2 to 3 weeks during summer. Sandal requires good drainage and does not stand water logged ground. The ownership of sandalwood trees grown on private lands now vests with the landowners. When sandalwood tree plants are 15 to 20 years old then in August to march you can collect the seeds from the sandalwood. The Indian sandalwood tree (Santalaum album) is perhaps the planet’s most expensive wood, because of its cosmetic and therapeutic value. – Sandalwood is an extremely precious element and is used for carving. Backed by ‘The institute of wood science and technology’ Plant a Dream. })(window,document,'script','','ga');

Sandalwood does best in places with lots of sun, moderate rainfall, and fairly dry weather for part of the year. In gold we trust – for hundreds of years this has been our favourite investment, one that is credited with protecting families and honour in times […], Wood has been a companion of humans since prehistoric times and has been through the passage of civilisations. To his advantage, in 2012 the Kabini dam water reached his farm through the canals. All of us know that tree is a living entity with trillions of living cells. Sandalwood is not a tree frequently grown in American backyards, and while general cultivation information is available, its scope is limited. Santalum album is an evergreen tree. The risk of keeping infected trees within a plantation. Sandalwood plays an important role in the religious life of Indians. How does tree start production of heartwood? In Kerala, sandalwood trees are growing in natural habitat in an area of 63 sq. As the disease progresses, the new leaves become smaller, narrower or more pointed and fewer in number with each successive year until the new shoots give an appearance of fine spike. The sandalwood cultivation profit to an investor is tremendous and it’s the only wood in the world to be sold by weight. Organic Farming of sandal wood cultivation : ... No of sandalwood trees eligible for extraction 305 Quantity of heart wood expected per tree-15 kgs 4575 kgs Average cost of sandalwood heart wood (Rs.

, Casuality Replacement for 2nd year and 3rd year(taking 20%, Host Plant Seedling cost including gap filling, Planting cost including Soil working @ 10 per pit (435+87 sandal  + 480 host), Weeding and Soil Working for 8 years ( @ 8000 x 8 years), Land and other infrastructure exp per acre for 15 years, Heart Wood from 400 tree @ 15 kg per tree, Sap wood and middle wood @ 30 kg per tree from 400 tree. Once a sandalwood tree is eight years old, the heartwood of the tree starts to form and is ready to be harvested after 12 to 15 years from planting. Fairly good success has been achieved by this method. The pole is introduced at the base of the bush and through the hole 4 to 5 seeds are transferred to the base of the bush. Sandalwood is light demanding and can be easily suppressed by faster-growing species. Managing a life resource requires adequate knowledge of watershed hydrology and implementation of […], Santalum album L. (East Indian Sandalwood) is a medium-sized semi-parasitic tree which can reach to a height of 33 to 66 feet. The cultivation requires temperatures ranging from 12 degree to 40 degree Celsius and lands at reasonably higher altitudes (preferably 2000 to 3500 feet above sea level). They prefer a temperature range of 12°-30° C (53°-86° F). Cultivation of sandal in India is less attempted though the potential is high. About 6000 seeds make 1 kg. The leaves are leathery and in pairs on either side of the stem. As per ‘Invest India’, if migration from rural areas to urban cities continues at the same […]. Forced to Give up Infosys Job, Karnataka Woman Grows 8000 Fruit Trees in Barren Land. Given barren land by her husband, Kavita, a native of Karnataka’s Raichur district learn’t cultivation and grew sandalwood, pomegranate, mango, lemon, drumstick and coconut trees. To know more about the cultivation process and maintenance details, read on…. The primary issues are quality and uneven spatiotemporal distribution that make it inaccessible. Some trees develop heartwood between 4 and 6 years of age, others when they are between 15 and 20 years old, and others never develop it at all. distribution, morphology, tree improvement, soils, silviculture, physiology, biotechnology, diseases and pests, chemistry and utilization, Production and export management, etc. This means that a tree with a single stem will be more valuable than one with a shrubby form of the same weight. India was contributing 85% of world’s trade of Sandalwood but it has been reduced to a negligible level in recent years. Sandalwood trees are root hemi-parasites and require host trees for healthy growth. 4000,000 per tonne in 2004 and 7500,000 per tonne in 2014. Return on Sandalwood Tree in India. (i) In a tree the oil content is highest in the root, next highest in the stem at ground level, and gradually tapers off towards the tip of the stem. In sandalwood tree cultivation sowing mainly done by the seeds. Is buying farmland a good investment in a city like Bangalore? And now, the private cultivation of this precious tree is rapidly increasing. The cost of sandalwood cultivation would approximately be around Rs 8 to 10 lakh per acre (, but the returns can range between Rs 1.5 crore to Rs 2 crore. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. At the advance stage of disease the inter nodal distance on twigs becomes small, haustorial connection between the host and sandal breaks and the plant dies in about 2 to 3 years. The sandalwood cultivation profit to an investor is tremendous and it’s the only wood in the world to be sold by weight. In today’s context of ‘Global warming’ an alarming emergency, wood is the most carbon neutral material available. However, they may not require irrigation in rainy conditions. International demand for sandalwood is estimated to the 10,000 mt per year. Indian Sandalwood is known as “Royal Tree” & it is associated with Indian culture & heritage. 2,50,00,000/ Acre (Approx.) Miscellaneous secondary forest species as host plants are planted in the same pit or they may be planted in separate pits in a quincunx pattern. You must plan out the complete process in advance, in order to get high ROI (Return on Investment). */. Growing sandalwood by individuals was banned until 2002 but now anyone can grow sandalwood. Regeneration has been obtained successfully by following methods. Silviculture guidelines to minimize fungal attack risk to the Tropical sandalwood industry. It can occur at any stage of development of the tree. megakit,business,company,agency,multipurpose,modern,bootstrap4. Sandalwood grows best between attitudes of 700 to 1100m though it may go up to 1500m and descend as low as 300m. Sandal trees freely produce seed and natural regeneration occurs both via seedlings and through root suckers after trees have been uprooted and the stump removed from the ground. Trees start flowering from 3 years of age. 5,37,450 Land & other infrastructures per acre Rs. Pick a sunny climate with moderate rainfall. Have you ever been interested in owning a farm land? Dear Reader, Business Standard has always strived hard to provide up-to-date information and commentary on developments that are of interest to you and have wider political and economic implications for the country and the world. Planting Polybag Seedlings (Raised in the Nurseries). Such a database needs to be updated to incorporate proper description of each of these valuable properties of S. album. Since then, sandalwood oil and handicrafts have become more important. Let’s understand the process of heartwood formation from the metabolic perspective of plant. The collected seeds are well-treated and dried in sunlight before seminate on nursery beds. It is not exacting as to the depth of the soil and is frequently found on rocky ground and on stony or gravelly soils. It has been found that other insect vectors in addition to Nephotettix virescens may also be responsible for transmission of disease. 6000/ Kg) Rs.2,74,50,000 Total Expenditure incurred per acre Rs.

ga('create', 'UA-44233744-6', 'auto'); Santalum paniculatum (ʻiliahi), Hawaiʻi Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum. It can grow to a height of 20 m and attain a girth of over 1.5 m. It flowers and fruits twice a year during March-April and September-October. To produce commercially valuable sandalwood with high levels of fragrance oils, the trees have to be at least 40 years of age, but 80 or above is preferred. This method is adopted in open scrub jungles with lot of bushes. Heartwood is the most important natural and endlessly renewable source of energy and therefore has a major role as an […], One might wonder. Sandalwood can grow in a variety of soil types including red clay soils, sandy soils and clay-rich black soils and can tolerate gravelly soil and rocky hard ground. Australian Sandalwood is a unique native tree crop, grown for its high value aromatic heartwood over a 20 – 25 year rotation, with potential to generate income from the oil rich nuts from age 5 as new products are developed. 211 forest guards are appointed for the protection of these sandalwood trees. So far no permanent remedial measures have been prescribed for control of spike disease. The best host species are the nitrogen-fixing plants. Red ferruginous loam is the most common soil on which sandal tree occurs, the underlying rock often is metamorphic and chiefly gneiss. m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m) The usual trench mound technique adopted in forest for other species is also adopted for sandal. Afforesting barren lands with Sandalwood trees using commercial farming and proven scientific cultivation techniques. At the time of planting in the field a perennial host, if given, increases the growth of sandal, otherwise it shows stunted growth with pale yellow leaves and ultimately dies in about one year. Seeds are sown during monsoon. Investing in agricultural farmlands in India has great advantages; the major one being that income earned from and the profit made from selling the farmland are free […], India, the second most populated country in the world, has an average of 25-30 people migrating from rural areas to urban cities every minute. The most expensive wood in the world could be sandalwood tree. The essential oil contains Alpha-santalol and beta-santalol amount to more than 90 % of the oil – making it very superior sandalwood oil. Its market price ranges between Rs 3,000 and Rs 7,000 per kg, with the top-quality sandalwood sometimes sold at around Rs 10,000 per kg. Cultivation of sandalwood trees could get a boost with Indian researchers figuring out how sandal trees derive their nutrition from other plants. Certain factors, generally relating to stress, such as gravelly dry soil, insolation, and range of elevation (500-700 m), seem to provide the right environment for the formation of heartwood, irrespective of the size of the stem after 10 years of age. High risk periods of high spore count in the water system and what irrigation events cause a greater presence of spores. Sandalwood was once considered as the primary source of Mysore state economy where the entire budget was planned based on sandalwood. But here a perennial host plant is also grown along with sandal either on the mound or in the pit. But, the most fundamental of all issues is not the scarcity of water, but weak water management practices. km. Sandalwood oil is extracted from the woods for use. Conservation action for economically important sandalwood of India needs to be guided by an authentic knowledge base on such plant species. Step 1 Grow sandalwood in full sunlight in well-drained soil with a pH between 5.6 and 7.8. Export of timber from India is totally banned except for handicraft pieces of sandalwood up to 50g weight. Many of these people migrate to find a better livelihood and lifestyle in the cities. An instrument can be made using a bamboo pole of 4 to 6 cm internal diameter and a length of 1.5 m for the purpose of sowing seeds. Sandalwood oil also known as fragrance oil, perfume oil, body oil. The value of heartwood is due to its oil content, and the superiority of the oil is due to the percentage of santalol. Sandalwood seeds with rm endosperm upon performing a cutting test 4.1.3 Seed collection, extraction, processing and storage Ripe fruits are hand-picked and dropped into a cloth or khaki bag. This website has visualized and maintained a well-designed computerized web database providing quick access to some of the most important basic information relating to S. album  tree e.g. I can think of no better way to pay back to mother-earth during any kind of crisis thanserving on farmland or using my experience in agriculture. Its market price ranges between Rs 3,000 and Rs 7,000 per kg, with the top-quality sandalwood sometimes sold at around Rs 10,000 per kg. They prefer full sun but will grow in part shade. Provision has been made for payment of market value to owner of sandalwood trees. It is an evergreen tree with slow growth rate reaching a height of about 10 to 15 m with girth size up to 1 to 2.5 m. It takes nearly 30 years for the tree to reach economic activity. Traditionally, we in India have gone with two time-tested options – gold and land. Your email address will not be published. During harvesting of sandalwood, the soft wood is removed and then hard wood is chipped which would be converted into powder in a mill. 200,000 per tonne in 1990; Rs. The best hosts for sandalwood are nitrogen-fixing trees because the growth of sandalwood depends on the availability of amino acids, and the host plant should not compete with the sandalwood for nutrients (SPC, source , 2005). It is called as a miracle tree because of its immense uses in trade and traditional form of medicine in South East Asia. As it is semi parasitic in nature it prefers to […], Most of us agree that while earning money is hard, investing it wisely is harder. They are used in the landscape as hedges, specimen plants, shade trees and xeriscaping plants. So, you are sure to get high returns from sandalwood cultivation. The soil pH should range between 6 and 7.5. Sandalwood is in high demand (about 20,000 metric tons and oil 1000 tons) in the international markets and the current production across the world does not meet this demand which has led to a drastic rise in the sandalwood price. Our country has been a pioneer in farming practices; spreading its fame and popularity across geographical boundaries. Each cell in a tree carries out all […], Focus on better farming for better productivity and prosperity India has been a prosperous country for time immemorial with agriculture as its main occupation. ga('send', 'pageview');

Depending on 11 borewells and two open wells, he cultivated banana, pomegranate and lime in the rest of the land. Sandal has over 150 host plants, some of the good hosts being Casuarina equisetifolia, Acacia nilotica, Pongamia pinnata, Melia dubia, Wrightia tinctoria and Cassia siamea. Indian Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) may be considered as one of the world's most valuable commercial timber and is currently valued globally for its heartwood and oil. Permission is given to cut a sandalwood tree in private ownership after thorough inspection by the officials. Best growth of tree is on rich fairly moist such as garden loam and well drained deep alluvium on the river banks. Thank you Hosachiguru for the information! This method has proved successful in many forest areas. Spacing : 6 mt X 3 mt (Sandal), 6 mt x 6 mt ( Mango). Cultivation of sandal in India is less attempted though the potential is high. Though returns on sandalwood cultivation are very high in which naturally grown sandalwood tree takes 30 years to be ready for harvesting whereas intensive cultivation in organic methods give quick results in 10-15 years Need plantation with Host plant. Sandalwood trees thrive well in the tropical and sub-tropical regions where the climate is hot & humid. But, a policy change by these governments in 2002 allowed people to grow sandalwood. In some ways, farmland is even better […], Most of us dream of owning a piece of agricultural land, where we can fulfill our passion for farming as well as use it as a weekend getaway. Sandalwood is a parasitic plant deriving its nutritional requirement from other plants. Sandalwood Cultivation – be a part of a thriving economical segment. Your email address will not be published. Training is free & there is no registration fee Date: 21 st to 24 th … – Indian Sandalwood is highly prized due to its aromatic fragrant wood. As such, those who begin cultivation of Santalum likely will not live to reap the rewards of their work. Involving common people, corporates and NGOs to invest in this venture in order to gain holistically from a ‘Restorative Economy’ while uplifting the ecology of the area. The Karnataka State Forest Department has liberalized the regulations related to sandalwood cultivation to ensure that there is no shortage of sandalwood in the coming future. Spike disease is one of the important diseases of sandal.

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